Planning Your Trip,  Ukraine

Travel Tips for Ukraine: 22 Important Things to Know No Matter When You Go

Last Updated August, 2020

After writing my post about what is it like to live in Ukraine as a foreigner, a lot of readers started asking me various travel-related questions.
So, I decided to write this guide with travel tips for Ukraine.

These tips are basically my answers to all the questions that you guys asked me. If you have another question and don’t find an answer here, please, feel free to let me know in the comments. I am happy to answer and include it in the post, so others know too.

If you are curious to know why we keep coming back to Ukraine, read Mark’s post here. He shares his point of view and vision of Ukraine. If planning a trip to Kyiv any time next year, find out what is the best month to visit Kyiv.

Getting to Ukraine Tips

Travel tips for Ukraine

1. Visa to Ukraine

Entry into Ukraine for citizens of different countries is regulated in different ways. Citizens of the European Union, the USA, Canada, and a few other countries can enter Ukraine without a visa. At the same time, the period of stay for most of them is limited to 90 days during the 180 days period. You need to double check though because citizens from Turkey, for example, can stay only 60 days, from the UAE 30 days and from Hong Kong 14 days.

Citizens of other countries who need a visa to visit Ukraine, can usually obtain it at the embassy, or get an electronic visa.

The price of a single visa to Ukraine is $65. It can be higher if the price of a visa to this country is higher for citizens of Ukraine. The price of the e-visa is $85.

If you are traveling without a visa, there is no need to register or give your fingerprints. If you are a citizen of a country that needs a visa, your fingerprints will be taken at the border crossing.

TIP: When entering Ukraine, do not say that you are in transit through Ukraine to a third country if, in reality, you are not. There are a lot of cases when border officers stamp passports with transit visa for 3 days which doesn’t allow to stay in the country longer. Always say that the purpose of your visit is tourism (if it really is.)

If you travel by air, an officer at the border may ask you to show a return ticket. Or maybe he won’t. It really depends on the person. Just keep in mind that he can, so have an answer ready. Even if you don’t have a ticket, be honest about it and tell about your plans and itinerary. It shouldn’t be a problem.

2. Ukraine Sim Card Purchase

I highly recommend purchasing a SIM card once you get to Ukraine. First of all, it is extremely cheap. Second, it will make life so much easier for you.

There are three mobile companies in Ukraine: Life, Kyivstar, and MTC. Locals mainly stick to the first two but I personally lean towards Life. My family and I used services of each of these companies with Kyivstar always being a leader. But lately, their prices increased while the quality of Internet coverage and reception got worse.

Each of the companies has an easy signup procedure, free minutes, free calls to numbers of the same operator, etc.

On average, a monthly price for a good number of minutes and data is $3-5. Unlimited is around $10.

To buy a pre-paid sim card, you can stop at a company’s store, a shop that sells cell phones and electronics, any kiosk that sells newspapers (although they probably won’t speak English there) or small stand where you can see an advertisement of mobile companies.

Every airport in Ukraine has a small shop where you can buy a sim card too.

TIP: You should have an unlocked phone and in official company’s stores a salesperson may ask for a passport.

3. Money And Credit Card Tips

The local currency in Ukraine is Hryvnia. You can exchange money pretty much anywhere but I always recommend doing it in banks. Upon arrival, you can always exchange a few dollars or euro right in the airport or railway station.

If you prefer using a credit card, you can easily do it anywhere around Ukraine, except for markets, small towns, and villages. ApplePay is available too.

My biggest advice to you is to never keep a lot of banknotes in your wallet. Just in case. You never know who is going to stand next to you and see how much money you have. Better pack with you a waist wallet (like this one, for example) and keep your credit cards and banknotes there. Put just one main credit card (that you always use) and a smaller change in the wallet.

I am not saying it to make you worried (because nothing is going to happen.) But that’s a simple precaution to take if you are planning to be in crowded places or let’s say markets.

Transportation in Ukraine

Ukraine travel tips

4. Getting Around Big Cities

The most convenient way to travel around the big city is by metro. It is open from 6 am to midnight, is always faster, easy to navigate, and has signs and announcements in English. Although, it hasn’t been upgraded yet and doesn’t have AC.

From early morning until late evening, shuttles (or marshrutkas) and buses run on the city streets, as well as trams and trolleybuses. However, they are convenient mainly for covering short distances and outside of rush hours.

Unfortunately, they don’t have AC (except for new buses,) so in summer when the weather is baking hot, taking public transportation turns into a challenge.

5. Getting Around Smaller Cities

Very similar to big cities, just without a metro. Trolleybuses, marshrutka taxis, and cabs are your best bet. Marshrutka buses, by the way, are public share taxis that operate in each city and cover different routes and distances. Usually, they have a list of stops written on a side but since it’s all in Ukrainian, it won’t make a difference for you anyway.

I suggest either using google map for public transportation or asking one of the locals who are at the stop too. Google maps are not very accurate in regards to public transportation in Ukraine and don’t show all buses, so I would ask a local at the stop what number of marshrutka or bus you have to take to get to your destination. Just ask a younger person. Older people usually don’t speak any English.

If taking public transport is not your thing, Taxi838, Bolt, and Uber are your best friends. Although, not every city has the same taxi service.

travel tips for Ukraine

6. Traveling Between the Cities

Trains, trains, and more trains! Express trains or as they are called InterCity trains are usually the fastest and can cover the distance two times faster than the regular ones. Also, they are the only ones that have AC.

Taking a bus between Ukrainian cities is not the best idea. First of all, because of the roads that are not in the best conditions and second, because not all of them are modern. If you want to go, for example, on a day trip to a nearby city and cover a short distance, a bus is a great option. Otherwise, hop on a train instead.

But, if you are thinking to travel from one corner of the country to another (let’s say from Lviv to Kharkiv or from Chernihiv to Odesa) then a train ride can last forever. In this case, look into flights. With each year air travel becomes more and more affordable in Ukraine.

If you are looking to purchase train tickets in Ukraine online, choose either the official websites of Ukrainian Railways or third party I personally always use them and am happy with the service.


Traveling From Krakow to Lviv (And Back) By Bus, Train or BlablaCar. What’s Better?

7. Uber and Taxis in Ukraine

When it comes to taxis in Ukraine, you need to remember that not in every city you’ll be able to call a cab. Not every operator speaks English and it may be challenging to place a request. Your only option may be Uber, Bolt, or Taxi838.

In Kyiv, my favorite taxi company is StudentTaxi.

Uber is represented in 7 Ukrainian cities only. They are Kyiv, Odesa, Lviv, Kharkiv, Dnipro, Zaporizhia, and Vinnytsia.

If you are looking for the cheapest taxi to take from Kyiv airport to the city center (or any other destination) but still travel in comfort, choose StudentTaxiKiev. If you have a local sim card, give them a call. Operators speak English. Otherwise, download their app or leave a request on the website.

We have been using this company multiple times. Drivers are always on time, cars are simple but comfortable and it is the cheapest taxi company in Kyiv. Even cheaper than Uber.

8. Renting a Car in Ukraine

Renting a car in Ukraine is not as popular and developed yet as anywhere else in Europe but it is possible. The best and probably the only option for you as a foreigner to rent a car is at the airport in one of the major cities. But do not expect it to be cheap. On average, a daily price rent is between $25-50, depending on a vehicle.

To be honest, I don’t know if you really need to rent a car in Ukraine. The only time I would recommend doing so is when you want to explore around bigger cities, go to the Carpathian mountains, drive from Kyiv to Dnipro, or to Odesa.

For the mountains, Lviv is the best city to rent a car. But get ready that driving on country roads may be a bit stressful. Some roads are bad and some drivers are pretty crazy. But if you have experience driving in Georgia, (country) Egypt or one of the countries in SE Asia then relax. Compared to drivers in those countries, Ukrainians are pretty chill.

If you still decide to rent a car for any reason, do it from International companies. The majority of them are located only in airports.

Scams in Ukraine to Be Aware Of

You know, when I went on Google and checked what others are saying about scams in Ukraine, it made me wonder. First of all, if people update their posts at all and second, how much time they’ve actually spent in Ukraine.

A lot of scams on Ukraine I found online barely take place today. Some of those that still exist are very common around the world, not only in Ukraine. Taxi scams, money scams, rental, and beggar scams. Mark and I faced a lot of those in many countries in SE Asia, Africa, and even in many other parts of Europe.

If you hang out mainly in touristy places and do not pay attention to what’s happening around you, of course, you will be scammed. 

Overall though, scams in Ukraine are not widespread. You should be aware of them but relax. Most people are nice and won’t try to scam you. Also, a lot of them are directed at locals too, so don’t assume it’s only a tourist’s factor.

Here are some of the most common scams in Ukraine (except for dating ones which I am not talking about in this post.)

9. Beggars Scams

Beggars in Ukraine (as in many other countries in Europe) belong to some type of a criminal group. You’ll see them in the metro, near churches or just walking in the main square.

There are all types of beggars you can think of. But you shouldn’t be giving money to any of them. Some are pregnant women with babies, others are disabled war veterans, parents of sick children, owners of abused animals, elder people, etc.

They all form a group of people who do not have a home, work, bank accounts, life aspirations, and goals. And they do not want to have any of those. Usually, someone stands behind them and controls this business. In many cases, real criminals join groups of beggars trying to run away from justice.

All these people live by today, hide behind the “beggar image,” and support illegal ways of making money. You should not be falling into their trap and giving them money.

Yes, there are a lot of elder people in Ukraine whose pension is so low that they can’t get their needs met. But those people are not standing on the streets asking for money. They are ashamed to do so.

There are local nonprofits that fundraise money for various purposes. If you want to contribute, better donate to those (but make sure that’s legit organization.)

10. Utility Service Worker Scam

If you are renting an apartment and staying in Ukraine long term (or even a few days,) you may encounter a situation when someone rings on your door, introduces him as a utility service worker, and says that he/she needs to check your electricity or water meter.

This person may come up with something else. He can say that he is a maintenance worker or in rare cases Jehovah’s Witnesses. His goal is to get into the apartment and see how many people live there and how much valuable stuff is inside.

This situation is not common at all. First of all, robberies are not that common. Second of all, nowadays all apartment complexes have a locker on the front door to the building. You shouldn’t worry about anything but you have to know that this scam exists.

Some locals get into the trap simply because they really believe this person is a worker. And workers usually know the code for the front door.

My advice to you: if you are staying in the apartment and someone rings on your bell, just ignore and do not open. Pretend no one is home. Your host will not show up at your door without telling you in advance.

If that’s a real worker, he’ll get in touch with a host later.

Again, it is not common at all. But just in case remember, do not respond to the doorbell unless you expect someone.

11. Money Scams at the Markets

This is one of the most popular scams not only in Ukraine but the entire world. Some people in every country, absolutely every country, believe that all tourists have a lot of money and it’s not a big deal to lie to them and make a few pennies on them.

If you go to a market in Ukraine, there is a chance that a seller will tell you a higher price than it actually is. Just because you are a tourist. In fact, you don’t need to be a foreigner to experience that. Sellers do it to Ukrainians too, just on a different level. 

It doesn’t happen often but it does happen. There are a lot of cool people who’ll try to help a foreigner. But at the same time, there are still others who’ll try to cheat.

If you’ve traveled the world and lived in other countries, you know this scam and don’t worry about it at all. But, if you haven’t traveled much and come from a Western world country, just know what to expect. But I think you probably won’t be going to a market. There are so many stores and smaller shops around each corner.

12. “Meet the Girl” Scam

This scam is not that common as it used to be but it still takes place. If you are a guy who plans to go to bars and clubs, be aware of this scam. Actually, not necessarily bars and clubs. It can really happen anywhere.

How it works is when a girl comes to you and tries to introduce herself. You should be alert when it happens.

You see, in Ukrainian culture, a girl will never make the first step and start talking to you, even if she likes you. She’ll be giving eye contact, may even stare at you but she won’t make the first step and be the first one who initiates a “let’s get to know each other” conversation. Unless it’s a random conversation.

So, my Ukraine travel tip for you is next. If some random girl stops by and tries to invite you for a drink, exchange phone numbers, or says that she likes you and wants to get to know you, this is a red flag. Girls in Ukraine don’t do that unless they want to get something out of you. Just watch out!

Misconceptions and Stereotypes About Ukraine

13. All Ukrainians Drink Alcohol

Somehow a lot of foreigners assume that if someone is from Ukraine, he or she automatically loves vodka and other alcoholic beverages. Some people believe that Ukrainians have it on a daily basis (with a slice of fat) and drink a shot before going to bed.

During almost 10 years I spent in the U.S. living in 5 different states, some of my colleagues and random acquaintances were always surprised hearing that I don’t consume any alcohol at all. Every time their response was the same: “You are from Ukraine, how so that you don’t drink? Everyone in Ukraine drinks!” I guess they know better.

Later, during all our travels from Istanbul to Kuala Lumpur, people were saying the same exact thing.

Every time it was just so strange.

No, not everyone in Ukraine drinks alcohol. More than that, some people may get offended by others who are too pushy when it comes to drinking.

If you are meeting people in Ukraine who tell you they don’t drink alcohol, please, do not make ignorant assumptions and mindless jokes. Some people take it personally.

14. Ukraine is the Same as Russia

To this day, many foreigners at best consider Ukrainians to come from Russia, and at worst they don’t even know in which part of the world Ukraine is. Many believe that Ukraine is essentially a part of Russia but people just rebel and want to separate.

There is even this perception that winters are fierce and snowy, people walk in fur caps with earflaps, and you can find a bear in the courtyard in the villages.

It is believed that even Ukrainian and Russian languages ​​are very similar. This is a very big mistake since they have only about 50% in common.

For example, if you try to communicate in the Ukrainian language with a native of Russia, he/she will not understand most of the words. Some words are similar, but we say them in Ukrainian with a different accent and know two languages since we speak both of them from childhood.

Ukraine is not the same as Russia and it is not part of Russia. It has a lot of rich history, culture, and traditions that differ so much from our neighbor.

20 years ago it was probably OK not to know where Ukraine is. But today, it’s really odd. You don’t need to be a geography geek to know a world map. With the Internet and online maps, you can learn within only a few minutes where Ukraine or any other country is.

15. There is not Much to Do in Ukraine

Travelers often skip Ukraine on their travels thinking that there are not a lot of things to do and see. I want to prove you wrong.

Every country in the world has something interesting and unique to show. If someone you know is not interested in Ukraine, it does not automatically put this country on the list of the least interesting ones.

If you are traveling for rock or alpine climbing, yeah, Ukraine is not the right place for that. You will be disappointed. There are also no pristine beaches with palm trees and it’s not a destination for your yoga travel bucket list.

But, if you are a foodie, lover of history, haunted abandoned places, nature, and adventure, welcome to Ukraine. If you plan in advance what to do and where to go, you will have an amazing time. It is a great country for medical tourism, for digital nomads, for those who want to learn Russian, go to school or just see a totally different Europe.

And you know what, you also have to come and visit Ukraine in winter, there are tons of things to do!

I have a lot of posts on what to do in Ukraine and constantly adding more information. Make sure to check this page of my Ukraine travel blog or subscribe to my newsletter to know when the new post is up.

16. Ukraine is not Safe to Visit

The biggest myth about Ukraine, which is now spread around the world because of the unstable situation in my country, suggests that traveling to Ukraine is a dangerous activity.

People know too little and assume that bullets are whistling over others’ heads in every Ukrainian city. Of course, in that case, you don’t want to travel to such a country. But this is not what Ukraine is like.

Yes, unfortunately, the war still takes place in the East. Every Ukrainian in one way or another was affected by it. Some people lost sons, brothers, and husbands. There are dozens of monuments around the country dedicated to soldiers who died in a war with Russia. You’ll see them in each city you travel to. Other than that, you won’t be able to tell that the country is still in conflict.

Ukraine is absolutely safe, come to visit!

A Few More General Travel Tips For Ukraine

Ukraine travel tips

17. Tipping in Ukraine

Tipping in Ukraine is not really common and widespread. Although in large cities in many restaurants visitors tend to leave some tips and waiters are grateful for that.

If you didn’t like the service or simply don’t feel like leaving tips, do not stress about it. Tipping is not obligatory and no one will talk behind your back for not leaving some change on the table.

In cafeterias and restaurants of local fast-food chains or canteens, people don’t leave tips at all.

In some fine dining restaurants, 10-15% of service charges may be included in the total bill and you can find this information on the first page of the menu.

18. Health care in Ukraine

Today, about 200 Ukrainian medical institutions, both private and public, are receiving foreign patients. As a rule, these are specialized clinics that practice innovative methods of treatment, and doctors in those clinics have a lot of experience performing surgeries and treating illnesses.

As for services, the most popular ones among foreigners to Ukraine are reproductive medicine, dentistry, ophthalmology, aesthetic medicine and cosmetology, plastic surgery, general surgery, cell & tissue engineering, including the possibility of using cord blood bank and stem cell therapy.

Various sanatoriums and resort rehabilitation centers become more and more popular too.

If you have been thinking about receiving health care in Ukraine, it is a good time to do so. In a number of areas, Ukrainian prices for medical services are noticeably lower than foreign ones. The quality is always as good as in the West, and often it’s even better.

Another important factor to consider if thinking to travel to Ukraine for medical tourism is that you won’t need to wait for getting a specialized treatment. If in Europe or in the States, for instance, the patient is forced to wait for weeks and sometimes months to get a surgery or do dental work, in Ukraine he/she can get it done within a few days (sometimes hours) from the time he went to the clinic.

If you decide to get medical treatment in Ukraine, you can organize everything on your own or use the services of agencies. They usually control all your stay and take care of every detail such as visas, tickets, transfers, housing, and interpreters. Often, if patients want, they even organize leisure activities between their treatments.

Travel tips for Ukraine

19. Gypsies in Ukraine

I decided to include this travel tip for Ukraine on my list after getting quite a few questions regarding the gypsies.

Yes, you do have to be careful around them and if possible, stay away from them at any cost.

Among gypsies, as well as among all nationalities, there are honest and decent, kind, and attentive people. But there is a number of representatives of this nationality, who are accustomed to earning money by deceiving others and committing a crime. And somehow, they found their way in Ukraine.

When you see a group of dirty gypsies hanging out together in crowded places, usually near the railway or bus station or, for example, near the markets, walk away.

They tend to blend with the crowd and pretend they are doing their own thing. When in reality, they look for someone to rob. Usually, only women and children do that. Men stay aside.

Naturally, most of us bypass a group in motley dresses but sooner or later someone still gets caught. You don’t want to be that someone, so watch out every single time you see a group of gypsies (mainly women.)

So, if you see a few gypsy men smoking cigarettes and standing aside, I wouldn’t worry. But if you stumble upon a group of women who try to surround you and start a conversation, hold to your belongings, do not look into their eyes, do not talk to them, and walk away.

Just don’t show that you are scared. They stay away from emotionally strong people. They are clever psychologists who use subtle approaches to confuse and deceive others. It is enough for them to look at the person, at the expression of his/her face, in order to determine how emotionally weak or strong this person is. And then do their job or leave you alone.

If anyone of them gets too pushy and keeps following you, use your firm voice and tell them to get off.

All of this is very rare to happen. Most people never encounter any negative situations with gypsies. I personally did on many occasions, so now I am applying extra caution.

There is a really small chance you’ll come across these people too. But if you do, just know how to act.

20. Traveling With Food Allergies in Ukraine

Someone who has severe food allergies may find it difficult to travel in Ukraine. If being gluten/sugar/dairy-free is not an allergy but part of your lifestyle, that’s a different story.

Why I am saying this is because most people in Ukraine are not aware of food allergies. Also, a lot of products may contain gluten or dairy, even if an ingredient list does not say so.

If you have a severe allergy to some food and can get sick from a tiny amount of it (or even from having it around) you have to be very selective with places where to go in Ukraine. In grocery stores, do not buy any packaged or processed foods even if you think it shouldn’t contain specific ingredients.

A lot of restaurants and cafes around big cities can accommodate your request to omit some ingredients and cook exactly what you ask for. But still, you need to know where to go. And triple check on your order, emphasizing how serious you are.

From time to time, I personally go gluten and sugar-free and never have a problem with it. But it’s different for me since I am a local. For you, as a foreigner, in the beginning, it may take some time to adjust.

In my opinion, the most difficult to adapt is going to be for a vegan person who is planning to travel or stay in Ukraine long term. Animal products are everywhere. The only option is to cook at home most of the time.

21. How to Transfer Money to Ukraine

If you are looking for the best way to send money to Ukraine, I recommend doing a bank transfer. In my experience, this is a convenient, fast, and cheaper way than Western Union, Moneybookers, Webmoney, Payoneer, or Skill, for instance.

Although, if a person you want to transfer money to has already an existing account with any of these electronic payment systems then you may try them, it’s going to save some time. Otherwise, I would go with a bank.

For that, your relative (or friend) at first should open a foreign currency account in one of the following banks: Raiffeisen, Privat Bank or Aval, and provide you with all the information your bank requires (like a swift number, routing number, etc., they’ll tell you.) Even if this person has already a bank account, most likely it is for a national currency only. Opening an international one is easy and takes little time.

Transferring through a bank is always better. You can schedule the transfer, recall your payment, and do a transaction not leaving your home.

Once you transfer money on your side, a recipient in Ukraine will get it within 2-4 hours.
All the banks I mentioned above are good, stable, and provide the highest service. The only thing, some of them charge a commission for incoming money which they subtract from the amount you send. If there is a commission though, the amount is very reasonable.

I personally had a very pleasant experience when transferring money to Ukraine. Banks are interested in these transactions and go above and beyond when helping their customers.

22. Shipping to Ukraine From the USA

During the time I lived in the US, I was using the services of various companies to ship some items to Ukraine. None of them was as good as

They deliver to quite a few post-USSR countries, including Ukraine, and pride themselves on very good service, reasonable prices, and quick delivery. You can choose how to ship, either by plane or ship, which defines the price.

USPS takes way more time to deliver a package and is very expensive.

Alright, for now, this is it for travel tips for Ukraine. If you have any other questions to ask, a comment section is yours!

Here is my super detailed list of travel tips for Ukraine. How to get around, rent a car, what to expect from the local culture, where not to go, what to know about health care for foreigners and more useful tips. Visit Ukraine today and come back later #ukrainetravel #europetravel #easterneurope
Here is my super detailed list of travel tips for Ukraine. How to get around, rent a car, what to expect from the local culture, where not to go, what to know about health care for foreigners and more useful tips. Visit Ukraine today and come back later #ukrainetravel #europetravel #easterneurope

Anya is originally from Ukraine but in heart she is a citizen of the world. She is working online and that’s why has an opportunity to travel slowly and live in different countries around the world. On this blog, her main goal is to inspire others to travel to under-the-radar-places and discover the world through life and work abroad.


  • Frank

    Ha! I had to laugh. Stay away from the “dirty gypsies”.
    Very helpful guide. I think also people have a misconception about Ukraine, thinking that it’s “3rd world”. We’re going back to Lviv in a few days and looking forward partly because it has one of the best gyms we’ve been to on our travels (Eurosport). People don’t expect that they’ll come across upscale facilities, nice shopping malls, or that they can find many of the things that they’ll find in Western Europe. It’s not Georgia 🙂

    • Anya

      Hey Frank! You are so right about the “3rd world”. I guess this is happening because of the disinformation. We are now in Lithuania, during the last a few days met a few people who asked us some questions about Ukraine that made me wonder if some false information is spread on purpose.

      One person asked us how do we (and so many other Ukrainians) get to travel and dress nicely if our average salary is only $200 per month. I was like: “What? Seriously?” Do they think we live in the shacks, wash in the river and eat only bread?
      Where does this belief come from? And we heard it from a neighbor, not someone from across the ocean.

      Anyways, I think you are guys now on the way to Lviv (whoop, whoop), we plan to be there too in a few weeks (perhaps sooner) and the first thing we want to do is to have a coffee party with you! :)))
      I am going to email you now (I am sorry I fell behind and didn’t respond sooner!)

  • Iryna

    It’s not true that you have to cook at home if you’re vegan. In big cities, there are a lot of vegan spots, you just need to look for them in Foursquare or TripAdvisor.

    • Anya

      Big cities have a few, not many, authentic vegan restaurants with rather small menus and where dishes are actually quite expensive. Going occasionally to such restaurants is a treat, not something an average traveler does.

      Besides that, when you are spending more than a couple of days in a country, you can’t really eat out at the same places all the time. And, when going outside big cities or city centers, there are not any options to choose from.
      Ukraine was and still is one of the least vegan-friendly countries in Europe. It definitely will change with time, no doubt.

  • Victor

    Nice article. Very informative. Thank you for writing it. I will travel to Vinnytsia via Kyiv in April. Your article is very helpful. I look forward to this trip.

  • Makeda Rose

    Thank you for this wonderful post Anya! 🙂
    I’m from the US and my boyfriend lives in Kiev, he’s originally from Lviv, this post answered so many of my questions! I plan to visit both Kiev and Lviv and soak up all of the beautiful Ukrainian culture hopefully in Spring 2021.

  • James Hannum


    Please don’t rent a car in Ukraine! The trains & marshrutkas are such a comprehensive and frequently running system, and VERY cheap. Marshrutkas go to even the furthest city sektor and smallest village, for 40 cents.

    An automobile is an expensive, dangerous, and environmentally destructive personal isolation chamber and unpaid part-time job, which disrupts, disperses, and destroys compact pedestrian communities. Don’t rent one!

  • James Hannum


    Let’s compare European train travel to air travel.
    Unlike airports, train stations are in the center of town, close to where people live and work.
    A plane takes 1.5 hours for all the passengers to board, all filing through one tiny door loaded with luggage.
    On trains, passengers board thru about 40 doors simultaneously, 2 doors per wagon. So trains don’t have to delay everyone 1.5 hours… they stop only a couple minutes at a station.

    Train seats are much bigger than airline seats, and there is much more legroom. You can get up and walk around and stretch your legs. Aisles are wide on a train, and there are no seats right in front of you blocking you from getting easily to the aisle without disturbing others.

    Airline seats recline only 1″, making sleep impossible or uncomfortable.
    The most popular train trips in Europe, as they used to be in the US, are those that depart a major city around 10pm and arrive in another major city around 8 a.m. Called Schalfwagons in German and Spalniy Wagons in Russian, each sleeper cars has 8 compartments with 3 seats facing 3 seats during the day, & 2 seats facing 2 seats, converting to 4 bunk beds at night. So instead of sitting up as you are on a plane or driving a car, you sleep in a real bed with sheets & blanket, rocked to sleep by the gentle rolling of the train. So much for trains being “time consuming.”

    You see so much from the huge train windows.
    From the tiny plane windows you see only cloud tops. You really can’t see anything of the natural beauy, towns, & cities of Norway or Croatia from 30,000 ft.

    Trains have dining cars where real food is cooked and served to you at real tables with white linen. Those that don’t have dining cars have a bar car that serves some hot food & snacks.

    On a plane one has only the person next to him to talk to.
    On a train, one has 5 other people to talk to, plus the people you can meet in the bar car, and those standing at aisle windows looking out, stretching their legs. Some of the most interesting people can be met on a train. It’s nice to have your own little compartment, 3 people facing 3 people, a large window, a folding out table. Night wagons have 4 seats replaced by 4 bunk beds at night, and a door that locks at night to keep out the sneak thieves!

    I’ve traveled many times by overnight train in a 2nd class sleeper car. The compartments have always been 4-person, 2 bunk beds on either side. There is always plenty of room in the middle, for standing or for legroom while sitting before the 4 bunk beds are pulled down from the walls. (Day wagon compartments have 6 seats, 3 facing 3 seats, and no beds.) It’s all very comfortable.
    I have never had any problems or complaints about the many strangers I shared an overnight compartment with. Some of them were quite sociable, quite interesting people. It’s a great way for a traveler to learn about a geographic area; many locals are proud to tell you all about their cities. That way you’ll know something about a place before you arrive, maybe some good advice. Inside information, as they say!

    Lots of people end up having very fun parties in their compartments. On the fold-down table appear sausages, cheese, boiled eggs, dark bread, local dark beer, dried fish… The conductor sells beer, and the snack car/bar sells other foods, but most Ukrainians bring food from home. Very dried, salted fish is popular in Europe with beer. Try it!

    Younger partiers sometimes make the mistake of keeping the party going all night, and arrive in Berlin, Warsaw, or Prague the next morning without any sleep. Not good!

    You are travelling to Europe not just to see things but to meet the people. Train compartments with 3 people facing 3 people (day) or 2 facing 2 (night) is the best way to meet people. It’s very social seating. There is what they call “captive audience” in a train compartment. Also captive speaker. Neither can go anywhere, they are there for some hours. You won’t get this good an opportunity to meet the local people in a cafe, a shop, or a hotel.

    VIP — Make sure you don’t buy 1st class train tickets on the sleeper wagon. These can be isolation chambers, with only one person or one double bed per compartment. Also they’re very expensive.
    Many a traveler doesn’t know to ask for “a comparatment” (day) or “a sleeper wagon” (night), and they and get stuck sitting all night in a wagon with airplane style seating, all the seats facing forward. Not only is it boring, but the seats only recline one inch, so no sleep.

    Even if the train trip is during the day, choose compartment seating. And don’t forget the boiled eggs!

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